Table 1 Adaptation of Fink’s (2003) framework for assessing significant learning in ESD (by Shumba, Mandikonza and Lotz-Sisitka, in press)
These six types of significant learning are not hierarchical, but synergistic. Each kind of learning interacts and relates to the other kinds of learning, adding something, overall, to significant learning. Fink explains that “achieving any one kind of learning simultaneously enhances the possibility of achieving other kinds of learning as well”. Significant learning is thus the totality of learning achieved when learners have experiences in some or all of the six interacting kinds of learning in Table 1 below.