Primary trait rubric
In primary trait scoring, the instructor predetermines the main criterion, or primary trait, for successful performance of a task. This approach thus involves narrowing the criteria for judging performance to one main dimension.
Example of holistic rubric click here.
The multi-trait approach is similar to the primary trait approach, but allows for rating performance on three or four dimensions, rather than just one. Multi-trait rubrics resemble analytic rubrics in that several aspects are scored individually. However, where an analytic scale includes traditional dimensions such as content, organisation and grammar, a multi-trait rubric involves dimensions that are more closely aligned with features of the task.
For example, on an information-gap speaking task where students are asked to describe a picture in enough detail for a listener to choose it from a set of similar pictures, a multi-trait rubric would include dimensions such as quality of description, fluency, and language control, click here for an example.